The entire roll is developed in rodinal diluted to 1. Everything you need to know about shooting and developing pushed or pulled film. It is certainly possible to develop color negative and color positive film at home, but there are added difficulties to consider. First time semistand developing kentmere 400 pushed to 3200. This was my first time stand developing and there was a gradient of density. Link your film developing recipes to your flickr photos. Once time is over, empty the tank and get rid of the developer as it is a one time use.
None of the film companies are going to recommend this. I recently read about a technique called stand development so i. How to develop black and white film the lazy way she shoots film. Suggestions for caffenol stand development of kentmere 100. Recently during my studies on film photography and development techniques, i came across the technique of stand development apparently, doing this allows you to push your film depending on which you use much more easily and increases the sharpness and shadow details of the images taken. If youre constantly pushing tmax 400 to 1600, its not. Partly because i heard good things about the high contrast and rough grain, which i like as an aesthetic and partially because i have a 2 year old and no fucking time mix d76 from a dry powder and have it go bad on me because i dont use it fast enough. The black and white film developing thread nikon cafe. Especially when using rodinal as an agent for stand development. This also lets me think that it doesnt matter too much if you pushed your film, but i am. Push and pull film processing guide to film photography. Push processing is mostly used to obtain a usable image when working under low lighting conditions.
I have been shooting my kids sports on film this school year, mostly using. Actually the extreme dilution is responsible for solving all problems above. Pushing and pulling film a complete guide from the darkroom. Stand development is a film processing technique where instead of agitating the chemicals during the development stage, you leave the developing tank to stand for a long time. The c41negative process itself is much more difficult, due to being extremely temperature sensitive, especially without a basis in developing black and white film. I started down this path and settled on the rodinal adox adonal actually, since rodinal is no longer made and stand developing method. Ive read some threads about this, i know it can be done successfully, but what i havent found is any discussion on how long to extend development time when 1 using caffenol, and 2 using stand development. If you want to do two rolls, find a tank that can hold ml. Ive been doing some research online about stand development with d76. When you push your film in processing, it is left in the developer for longer than normal. Then i agitated for the first minute, tapped the tank on the table 3 or 4 times to remove all the air bubbles from the surface of the film and let it sit for 45 minutes. In order to understand pushingpulling film during development, lets start with a little visualization exercise to. I regretted the hell out of it the only time i tried with less.
In many cases these times will prove excessive, but when all else fails they can be a good. Worked great on this high contrast scene with the distorted tonal range from the stand development. Luckily film retains a lot of detail so negatives can be pushed pulled. Article provides a how to guide together with sample photos and thoughts along the way. If you shoot slow films at box speeds, this is the right process for you. Push processing is a film photography technique that attempts to compensate for underexposed film by overdeveloping it. Typical processing times for stand development are between 1hr and several hours.
Stand development works by the highlight areas on the film developing to exhaustion. I hope this little guide to film development stand development was interesting for you and maybe gave you an incentive to start developing your own film. On the contrary, stand development consists in letting the developer sit inside the tank with only one minute of agitation at the very beginning. A high iso number represents a higher sensitivity to light. Because push and pull processing time matters, its important to give instructions to the film lab and have the canister marked. Stand development is a photographic development process where film is left in a very dilute developing solution for an extended period of time, with little or no agitation. The name, stand developing comes from not agitating the film during development. The concept of stand development is to allow a developer to become completely exhausted, developing its unsuspecting film as much as possible. Fwiw, ive been stand developing k100 in my own caffenol blend for 65 minutes at 20c. Stand developed for 2 hours last night, and the negs look grey to me sorry, cant scan them yet only got 35mm scanner.
These are general guidelines when no published development times are available. For instance, an iso 100 film can be rated 200 or 400 depending on the film brand. Lets look into the step of developing today with talking about a very simple but magic technique. It is definitely more efficient to develop more than one roll though, especially in stand development where every batch takes more than an hour to develop. How to shoot pushed film when you load film into your camera, you set the camera for the iso for that film. Pushing film means you will change the iso setting for your cameras light meter to asa 800 or 1600 to give you another 1 or two stops of light even though we loaded asa 400 film. The reason for development, the way devised, is to ensure all the colours et developed at the same rate to insure fidelity. Discussing stand development times and push processing. Oct 11, 2017 i was expecting a very fine grain, and high amount of accutance but was slightly disappointed. Dec 04, 2016 we push film when we first underexpose the film in our camera and then later compensate for that underexposure by over developing the film. One of the best moments of shooting analog is when finally you pull the film out of the developing tank. Film development chart freestyle photographic supplies.
The theory is that the developer exhausts itself in areas which require greater development, while remaining active in lessexposed areas. Black and white film development for lazy people japan. Oct 09, 2017 this is something people are constantly asking me about, so i wanted to go ahead and share all of the information with you guys. This is because the developer exhausts itself after a while and is no longer able to transform the particles of silver on the emulsion. The chart doesnt have a listing for kentmere 400 pushed to 3200, but i noted that the times shown for kentmere are essentially the same as hp5 for any given dilution and film speed. After all, developing film in coffee, how cool is that and maybe at some point i will complete the standdevelopment trinity and try some hc110 as well. The setting you choose on the iso dial is not the real iso of the film. The difference is that with black and white, youre dealing with one chemical process, so its not a big deal to mess with the chemistry and get a fairly predictable result. Ive used much less for stand development, but thats an entirely different approach. It says that developing time should be extended by 30 seconds for each stop no need to extend the fixer or stabiliser time. If trix rated at 400asa is normally developed for 6 mins in a standard soup, then when trix is pushed three stops to 3200asa development would be.
Push processing means underexposing the film relative to the box speed, then overdeveloping it. Its a great introduction to understanding how film development works, and how you can improve your photography by giving the process a try. Its a technique ive become very fond of using, so i thought id share it with you all. You need room500ml water plus 10ml rodinal means 510ml of liquid in your tank for each film.
Jul 10, 2008 i have recently become enamored with stand development using r09 1. Kodak d76 is not a typical developer to be used for stand development, with rodinal developer being most often used for this purpose. Jun 09, 2011 stand development is done with a very dilute developer. Most of the pages ive read tell me to use pyro or rodinal because d76 is not suitable. Mar 30, 2015 my unorthodox, brute and fun way of developing and pushing film. Nov 06, 2005 times and developing temperatures are not so critical for stand development as they are for other ways of developing film, so you can relax so long as theyre about right 20c, 1hour generally. When the film is developed, pushed film is left longer in the developer and pulled film shorter, compensating for the different iso setting, underexposing or overexposing film. Even though the film is being pulled incamera, the film is developed normally well tell you why in the next section. The method of development i will show you here, standdevelopment in. Many films may include an exposure index ei rating in addition to the iso film speed. Professor agar lightens up in this next lecture, giving you recipes for successful developing using a different method called stand development to. First time semistand developing kentmere 400 pushed to. In order to understand pushingpulling film during development, lets start with a little visualization exercise to illustrate the chemical process of developing film.
Split development essentially stand development by chemical means. Today well go for the latter as this is the one suggested for pushing film. Stepbystep guide to developing black and white tmax film. We will tell our camera that the film is really asa 800 or 1600 even though we have only loaded asa 400 film. The highlighting and gradient effect you expect from stand development still blew me away. Some mystery roll you found in a second hand camera 1 hour this is why i love rodinal stand development so much in combination with expired film and lofi. Here as the film was pushed by 2 stops, i should have added 1 extra minute on top of the 3,15 minutes recommended. You can also select a continuous range of film or developers by clicking and dragging the range desired. Black and white film development for lazy people japan camera. The photographer shoots the same scene at box speed iso 400, 800, 1600, and 3200. Nov 26, 2014 recently during my studies on film photography and development techniques, i came across the technique of stand development apparently, doing this allows you to push your film depending on which you use much more easily and increases the sharpness and shadow details of the images taken.
With highlypushed films, noise or i should say grain can really start to overwhelm the scene. Pushing film is a term for rating the iso film speed higher faster than the film is designed for. And like most others, it has something to it, but isnt going to be the cureall it claims to be. I recently read about a technique called stand development so i have. My unorthodox, brute and fun way of developing and pushing film. Nov 15, 2012 stand development works by the highlight areas on the film developing to exhaustion.
Now lets look at the developing times for rodinal 1. Stand development with d76, kodak plus x and tmax 100. Should i prolong the development time when the film has been. How to develop black and white film the lazy way she. Please provide information about the processing developer, dilution, time, temperature, etc this group is about stand development no matter which developer or film you use. This section details how to shoot and develop pushed or pulled film. This gives a long tonal scale to the image, and the lack of agitation.
Stand development is the process where film is left in a very dilute developing solution for an extended period of time, with little or no agitation. For developing this film however, i consulted the massive dev chart for hc110. Oct 19, 2005 im a bit late coming to the stand development party, so forgive me for what may seem a question that everyone already knows the answer to. Difference between pushing bw film and colour c41 film.
Dec 14, 2014 after all, developing film in coffee, how cool is that and maybe at some point i will complete the stand development trinity and try some hc110 as well. This also lets me think that it doesnt matter too much if you pushed your film. Massive dev chart film development, film developing database. Pushing kodak trix to 6400 and beyond film developing. There are many awesome resources out there on monochrome development and stand development, such like this article by j. How to develop film with the stand technique digitalrev. I normally do a halfassed stand, where i decrease agitation frequency as time goes on. The complete guide to shooting expired film popular. So dilute that, where the film develops a lot the highlights the developer begins to run out. I use stand development mostly for when i have pushed the film 400 to 1600 so that it reduces contrast. Without movement, the areas that require more development quickly exhaust all the developing agent whilst it keeps acting on the less exposed areas that dont weaken the developer so much. When developing, as recommended by manufacturers, we are supposed to make regular agitations to ensure that the exposed film. Suggestions for caffenol stand development of kentmere 100 pushed two stops read 4079.
In summary, stand development is a method of developing a film using highly dilute developer, minimal agitation and long developing times. Thats a heck of a title anyway, as you may have figured out, im going to shoot a roll of kentmere 100 at 400 to see what happens. This shot is exceedingly sharp thanks to the lens, and stand development process. The more common approach is rodinal stand development for a duration of one hour. Push processing in photography, sometimes called uprating, refers to a film developing technique that increases the effective sensitivity of the film being processed. For times at different temperatures refer to the time and temperature adjustment chart. The freestyle film development chart choose a film and developer to see the developing times. So i used the hp5 formula for developing kentmere shot at 3200, using dilution h 1. Stand developing is a film developing process that involves placing film in a tank of highly diluted developer and letting it stand for long. In the highlights the grain was fine, but the midtones and shadow areas gave medium grain that one would find in pushed film.
Stand developer is a little different way of developing. Well, i agitate at the beginning and then perhaps, possibly give it a little nudge halfway through if i remember. I think i put 600ml which is the maximum in my cheap tank, so that would have been 3ml per roll. Slowing down the process will allow the colours to develop differently. I hope this little guide to film development standdevelopment was interesting for you and maybe gave you an incentive to start developing your own film. This tutorial will explain the process of developing tmax film as a simple stepbystep walkthrough.
To push the film, you must set the iso higher than the iso indicated on the film. Or rather more to the point, under what circumstances would you use. Please use these recommendations as starting points only. But it is a long way from shooting to holding the film strip in your hands. However, lack of agitation is important, so resist the temptation. An iso 400 film, for example, exposed at iso 800 and developed to compensate for the underexposure would be said to have been pushed one stop. Regular readers will know i develop my black and white film at home using the rodinal r09 one shot semistand development method using times less than one hour. Suggestions for caffenol stand development of kentmere 100 pushed two stops. Has anyone tried pushing their film in hc110 stand, for example trix pushed to 3200. Instead of rotationinversion you just let the tank stand for a long time.
This can produce a negative that is well balanced between the highlights and the shadow detail, with super smooth grain, and bring out shadow detail which would have. Recently, i came across an experiment stand developing kodak trix. I recently discovered the freedom of stand developing color c41 films. Stand development is a way to develop film using high dilutions of rodinal, typically 1. A 400 film pushed to 6400 is not going to have the full range of shadow detail. There are 2 parts to pushing or pulling film 1 shooting the image and then 2 developing the roll at the lab. But and this is where a lot of photogs get into trouble it results in scans that have muddygrainy shadow areas. Jul 20, 2012 developing black and white film is easy, everyone can do it. Stand development is a technique of developing with a highly diluted developer. The pushing or pulling process involves shooting and developing film at a different iso then what the film is rated for and we outline the entire process with image examples. The second shot shows the strong acutance it produced. Its an old technique, first described in the 19th century, however i have only begun to use it recently.
Heres everything from the developer i use to what temperature i. Black and white film development for lazy people by colin barey colin barey has been kind enough to share with us his technique for stand developing black and white film. Push processing involves developing the film for more time, possibly in combination with a higher temperature, than the manufacturers recommendations. Stand developing hp5 pushed to 1600 in rodinal photrio. When developing, as recommended by manufacturers, we are supposed to make regular agitations to ensure that the exposed film is always in contact with fresh developer. The joy of using rodinal to push trix david shoots film. The highly diluted developer is given a very long time to work on the film, up to several hours. Pushing and pulling film guide to film photography. To start, you will need a camera that allows you to manually change your iso. Sep 27, 2018 stand development is the process where film is left in a very dilute developing solution for an extended period of time, with little or no agitation. Ive never tried pushing film, so im not sure exactly how to. To use this chart multiply the published time at recommended asa by the factor in parenthesis ie.
Do you want to develop something else and dont know the minutes required. The complete guide to shooting expired film popular photography. When i was stand developing i was using a two roll tank to do one roll of film at a time. I had actually been hoping for something like this as i recently found a place in japan that sells r09 one shot. Pulling film is essentially rating film lower slower than its intended iso speed, for instance pulling a 400 iso film to 200 to slow exposure by one stop and overexposing the film. Stand developing could be obtained with a reengineering of the film formula and the developer. How to develop film at home in 9 simple steps with pictures. A great deal here depends on the developer youre using. The technique dates back to at least the 1880s, and results in fine grain, increased perceived sharpness, and smooth tonality, but is timeintensive and runs the risk of producing certain processing defects. Pull processing is similar, but instead you compensate for overexposed film by underdeveloping. Highlypushed films are not picking up true speed increases.462 1488 651 78 1353 699 509 1219 1550 501 181 1382 1118 955 914 858 1503 1250 1529 846 1252 364 990 753 503 1 318 476 1557 443 1276 251 159 1472 73 518 965 777 482 698 1373 1457 1472 1484 1012 1026